The liver is called the 'General' or 'Chief of Staff' and is responsible for filtering, detoxifying, nourishing, replenishing, and storing blood. The liver stores large amounts of sugar in the form of glycogen, which it releases into the blood stream as glucose whenever the body requires extra infusions of metabolic energy. The liver receives all amino acids extracted from food by the small intestine and recombines them to synthesize the various forms of protein required for growth and repair of bodily tissues.
The liver controls the peripheral nervous system, which regulates muscular activity and tension. The inability to relax is often caused by liver dysfunction or imbalance in Wood energy. Liver energy also controls ligaments and tendons, which together with muscles regulate motor activity and determine physical coordination. Liver function is reflected externally in the condition of finger- and toenails and by the eyes and vision. Blurry vision is often a result of liver malfunction rather than an eye problem, and even Western medicine recognizes the symptomatic yellow eyes of liver jaundice.
Through its association with Wood energy, the liver governs growth and development, drive and desires, ambitions and creativity. Obstruction of liver energy can cause intense feelings of frustration, rage, and anger, and these emotions in turn further disrupt liver energy and suppress liver function, in a vicious self-destructive cycle.
Passage with points
The meridian originates from the dorsal hairy region of the great toe (LV 1) runs upward along the dorsum of the foot passes in front of the medial malleolus ascends to an area 8 cun above the medial malleolus, where it runs across and behind the spleen meridian goes further upward to the medial aspect of the knee and along the medial aspect of the thigh to the pubic hair region, where it curves around the external genitalia goes up to the lower abdomen then runs upward
and curves around the stomach enters its pertaining organ the liver also connects with the gallbladder.
Passage without points
The branch from the liver ascends and passes through the diaphragm branches out in the costal and hypochondriac region ascends along the posterior aspect of the throat to the nasopharynx connects with the eye runs further upward emerges from the forehead meets the Du meridian at the vertex.
The branch arising from the eye runs downward to the cheek curves around the inner surface of the lips.
The branch arising from the liver passes through the diaphragm runs into the lung, where it links with the lung meridian.