Subject Details – Traditional Chinese Medicine

Enroll the 4-year TCM Double-Major
Graduate Receives Both Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine Diploma

Subjects Details

101. Fundamental Theories of TCM

This course provides the students with an understanding of the rich and fascinating fundamental theories of TCM, including the history of TCM, the theory of Yin-Yang, the theory of Five Elements, the theory of Qi, blood and body fluids, the theory of Zang-Fu organs, and the theory of meridians and collaterals. TCM etiology and pathogenesis, diagnostic techniques (four examinations), preventive measures, and principles of treatments will also be introduced to the students. 

102. Human Anatomy

This course presents an in-depth study of the normal structures of the human body. In the beginning, it includes a general introduction to the human body, in which organization of the body, anatomical terms, basic histology, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, circulatory system, and medical imaging will be briefly discussed. Following the introduction, regional anatomy is taught. Topics include upper limbs, lower limbs, head, and neck, back, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and perineum. 

103. Human Physiology

This course presents an in-depth study of the normal functions of the human body. At the beginning the central concept of human physiology – homeostasis will be introduced in detail, followed by a full discussion of cellular physiology, neurophysiology, cardiovascular physiology, renal physiology, hematology and immunology, respiratory physiology, gastrointestinal physiology, endocrine physiology, and reproductive physiology. 

T104. Biochemistry

The basic portion of this course is the same as that offered in the acupuncture diploma program. It will be taught with the emphasis on the basic concepts of biomolecules, including major organic compounds in the body like proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, etc.; basic enzymology that deals with general enzyme kinetics and regulations; basic metabolic pathways related to important body functions; and basic molecular biology covering genome organization, DNA, RNA and protein synthesis and processing as well as mutations. The advanced part of this course is a project in which students are required to prepare a flow chart showing all the biochemical pathways with enzymes and indicating particular metabolic diseases with enzyme deficiencies. 

T105. Microbiology

The basic portion of this course is the same as that offered in the acupuncture diploma program. Students will be instructed on the topics of the principles of public health microbiology, which basically examines general concepts of microorganisms, microbial metabolism, control of microbial growth, microbial genetics, characteristics of different classes of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and other parasites. This course will also discuss the principles of diseases and epidemiology, mechanisms of pathogenicity, and common microbial diseases. The advanced part of this course is a project in which students are required to write a paper discussing medically important microorganisms and diseases related to acupuncture and TCM practices. 

106. Standard Chinese I

This is Chinese Language Level I. 

T107. Clinical Observation I

TCM student starts clinical observation during the first semester of year one. 

108. Diagnostics of TCM

Students will be instructed on the two main topics: diagnostic techniques or four examinations (inspection, auscultation/olfaction, interrogation, and palpation), which includes unique tongue and pulse diagnosis, and differentiation of syndromes according to the fundamental theories of TCM. Comprehensive applications of diagnostic methods, as well as diagnosis of commonly seen clinical symptoms, will be discussed. Students will also be involved in actual case studies. 

T109. Pathology

The basic portion of this course is the same as that offered in the acupuncture diploma program. It will be focused on the pathologic basis of diseases in Western medicine in comparison with TCM etiology and pathogenesis. Topics include general pathology, cardiovascular and hematologic pathology, respiratory pathology, head and neck pathology, digestive pathology, urogenital and breast pathology, endocrine pathology, dermatologic pathology, musculoskeletal pathology, and neurologic and eye pathology. The advanced part of this course is a project in which students are required to write a scientific paper covering at least 10 most commonly encountered diseases that may be treated by acupuncture and/or other TCM therapies in terms of their etiology, pathogenesis, pathoanatomy, and pathophysiology. 

T110. Pharmacology

The basic portion of this course is the same as that offered in the acupuncture diploma program. It will introduce to the students the basic concepts of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of modern drugs in comparison with TCM herbal materials. It also discusses drugs affecting the autonomic nervous system, drugs affecting the central nervous system, drugs affecting the cardiovascular system, drugs affecting other organ systems, chemotherapeutic drugs, and anti-inflammatory drugs and autacoids. The advanced part of this course is a project in which students are required to prepare a scientific table illustrating 100 most commonly prescribed pharmaceutical drugs in terms of their names (chemical and trade), categories, modes of action, therapeutic effects, adverse effects, drug interactions, etc. 

111. Acupuncture and Moxibustion I – Meridian Systems and Points

This Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion course focus on the meridian systems and acupuncture points. Students will learn 12 regular meridians, 8 extraordinary meridians, 15 collaterals, and other meridian and collateral pathways. The anatomical locations and needling methods of about 400 regular and standardized extra acupuncture points will also be studied. 

112. Herbology I – Materia Medica

Herbal medicine is a major part of Traditional Chinese Medicine. It represents one of the most powerful forms of medicine used in the world today. Chinese herbology is the most organized, experienced, consistent, and accessible treatment and prevention system available. This course presents a comprehensive study of over 300 herbs from the Chinese Materia Medica, including their names, classification, nature, taste, properties, entering meridian, indication, usage, safe and maximum dosage, precautions, contraindications, combinations, and preparation. A general overview and detailed analysis of the qualities, entering channels and functional aspects of each herb will be introduced. 

T113. standard Chinese II

Standard Chinese II. 

T114. Clinical Observation II

Clinical Observation II 

201. Tui Na

Chinese Tui Na is known as Chinese medical therapeutic massage and acupressure. Japanese Shiatsu and American Reflexology are also a part of Chinese Tui Na. Chinese Tui Na is a very special massage method used to treat soft tissue dysfunctions and bone structures. It is a specialty department in TCM hospitals in China. In this course, students will explore all the theories, concepts, techniques, and indications of Chinese medical therapeutic massage. Students will also study the treatments of the most commonly seen clinical situations. 

T202. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion II – Treatment Strategy

This course will focus on acupuncture treatment strategies, including general principles of acupuncture treatment, selection and combination of acupuncture points, and acupuncture and moxibustion techniques. About 100 commonly seen clinical situations, including internal, external, gynecologic, pediatric, and miscellaneous diseases, will also be discussed. 

203. Herbology II – Formulas, Prescription Combination

This course is a systematic study of the most commonly used herbal formulas and their modifications, focusing on analyzing what each herb does and the role it plays in the formula. Chinese herbal prescriptions are the art of therapeutic strategy and balance. The herbs within the prescription have to be balanced and well defined. In this course, students will learn how to choose the correct herbs and medical formulas from thousands of Chinese herbs and formulas available and modify a formula and organize a prescription to fit the patient’s condition and individual needs. 

204. Internal TCM I

Internal Medicine represents the biggest department of TCM hospitals in China. This course includes symptomatic analysis for metabolism disorders, neurology, nephrology, psychiatry, hematology, immunology, infectious diseases, rheumatology, pulmonary medicine, cardiology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, oncology and parasitology. 

T205. External TCM

This course will introduce the students to basic TCM surgery, orthopedics and traumatology, including their general characteristics and commonly seen diseases in each of these categories. TCM dermatology and EENT specialty will be individually offered in the following semesters. 

T206. Standard Chinese III

Standard Chinese III. 

T207. Clinical Observation III

Clinical Observation III. 

T208. Acupuncture and Moxibustion III – Ear and Scalp Acupuncture

This course will introduce to the students the two modern acupuncture techniques – ear and scalp acupuncture. Basic auricular structures, original and standardized ear and scalp acupuncture points, as well as their indications and needling methods, will be discussed. Practical sessions and certain diseases that are commonly treated with ear and scalp acupuncture therapies will also be presented. 

209. Herbology III – Patent Herbal Medicine

Approximately 120 commonly used Chinese patent formulas available in North America will be introduced. Many of the prescriptions have been used for hundreds of years and have proven themselves safe and efficient. 

210. Internal TCM II

This course is the continuation of course #204. More diseases will be discussed, including symptomatic analysis for metabolism disorders, neurology, nephrology, psychiatry, hematology, immunology, infectious diseases, rheumatology, pulmonary medicine, cardiology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, oncology and parasitology. 

T211. TCM Dermatology

This course offers an in-depth study of the diagnostic techniques, syndrome differentiation, and acupuncture and herbal treatments for dermatological diseases, with an emphasis on Chinese herbal medicine. About 40 commonly seen dermatological diseases will be studied. 

T212. Ancient Medical Literature

This course presents students with materials concerning different doctrines of TCM in ancient times. The emphasis of the course is placed on the foundational views and essences about TCM clinical treatments from various TCM schools, which developed over different dynasties under different climates and environmental and social circumstances. 

T213. Medicinal Dietary Therapy

This course introduces Chinese nutrition and diet therapy, which includes the foods and herbs that serve as foods and have therapeutic effects in the prevention and treatment of disease, maintaining or improving health, and prolonging life. 

T214. Standard Chinese IV

Standard Chinese IV. 

T215. Clinical Observation IV

Clinical Observation IV. 

T301. Western Medical Terminology

This course helps the students to better understand course #T302, improving communication skills with western medical doctors and other health care professions, and helping students to write a formal medical report. In this course, students will learn the basic terminology used to describe symptoms, signs, syndromes, and diseases. 

T302. Western Medical Diagnostics

This is an intermediate-level Western medical diagnostic science course, in which topics include general principles of history taking, general principles of physical examination, and detailed information on the procedures of medical investigation in a systematic way, covering the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system, hematological system, rheumatological system, endocrine system, nervous system, psychiatric history and mental state examination, and dermatological system. Some hands-on practices in history taking and physical examinations will also be included in the course. 

T303. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion IV – Clinical Case Studies

In this course, the students will study 80 commonly encountered clinical cases, in which patients’ main complaints and detailed medical histories (including tongue and pulse conditions) are provided. Students are responsible for analyzing the information, making appropriate diagnoses, and determining the treatment principles and point selections, while the instructor summarizes all the cases. 

T304. TCM Gynecology and Pediatrics

This course has two parts in which TCM gynecology will cover female reproductive anatomy and physiology, etiology and pathogenesis of women’s diseases, principles of diagnostics and therapeutics, preventive measures and health care, and common gynecologic diseases; while TCM pediatrics will cover children’s growth and development, physiologic, pathologic, etiologic characteristics, principles of diagnostics and therapeutics, preventive measures and health care, and common pediatric diseases. 

T305. Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic – Huang Di Nei Jing

This course presents to students the earliest well-established TCM works the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic, from which the foundational theories of TCM and acupuncture were derived from. The two parts of this book “Plain Questions” (Su Wen) and “The Miraculous Pivot” (Lingshu) will both be introduced. Selected chapters of these two books will be discussed to assist students in understanding TCM theories and their essence on a deeper level. 

T306. Synopsis of Prescriptions from the Golden Chamber – Jin Rui Yao Lue

This course introduces to the students the second TCM Classic written during the Han Dynasty. It is one of the four original classical TCM canons and highlights the treatment of internal and miscellaneous diseases. The formulas from this book are considered classic formulas and many of them have remained in use in current clinical practice. 

T307. Qi Gong and Tai Qi

Qi Gong and Tai Qi. 

T308. Clinical Management and Communication Skills

In this course, students will learn the basic skills to communicate with patients effectively, including verbal and body language. It will also cover manners to communicate with other health care practitioners and through administrative documents, such as formal medical reports and medical-legal letters. Basic counselling skills for chronic or terminally ill patients and patients with mental or emotional disorders will be briefly discussed. 

T309. Clinical Observation V

Clinical Observation V. 

T310. Laboratory Medicine and Medical Imaging

This course will present to the students the basic concepts and applications of modern medical laboratory and imaging sciences. Topics that will be covered include general principles of laboratory medicine, electrolytes, blood chemistry, hematology, urinalysis, imaging modalities, chest imaging, musculoskeletal imaging, gastrointestinal imaging, genitourinary imaging, neuroradiology, nuclear medicine, and interventional radiology. 

T311. Acupuncture and Moxibustion V – Clean Needle & Safety Techniques

In this course, students will learn the modern standardized clean needle techniques (CNT) developed in North America, since it is one of the requirements for registration as an acupuncturist and TCM practitioner. Course contents include a brief review of medical and public health microbiology, theories and concepts of CNT, guidelines, and recommendations for standard acupuncture practice, and demonstration and training of practical applications of CNT. 

T312. TCM EENT Speciality

This course offers an in-depth study of the diagnostic procedures, syndrome differentiation, and TCM (especially herbal) treatments for various eye, ear, nose, and throat (EENT) diseases. 

T313. Treaties on Cold-Induced Disorders – Shang Han Lun

This course introduces students to the Treatise on Febrile Diseases caused by Exogenous Pathogenic Cold written by Zhang Zhongjing during the Han Dynasty. This book is one of the four original classical TCM canons, and it is the very first book to highlight the differentiation of syndromes. The formulas from this book are considered classic formulas and many of them still remain in use in current clinical practice. 

T314. Warm Disease Theory – Wen Bing Xue

This course introduces students to the one last original classical TCM canon, which mainly focuses on epidemic febrile diseases. It includes a number of ancient, foundational formulas, which also still remain in use in current clinical practice. 

T315. Special Clinical Case Studies

This course involves the independent pursuit of an activity related to TCM training. Some special topics on the integration of advanced medical science and clinical information with alternative, preventative and Chinese medicine will be discussed. Topics may also include the area of modern immunology and Chinese preventative health aspects, physical and psychological aspects of the ageing process, and the prevention and treatment of ageing problems. The topics and cases will be selected by the students or faculty and will be in areas that offer the biggest challenge to the medical profession and health care professionals such as AIDS, cancer, parasite infections, diabetes and stroke. 

T316. First Aid and CPR

This course covers cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first aid with specific attention to special clinical situations. 

T317. Integration of TCM and Western Medicine

This course discusses how to integrate traditional Chinese medicine and conventional medicine. The student will also learn how to prepare a research program, complete their research and prepare a finished thesis. Each student will choose their own research topic and present their thesis before the faculty and other students. 

T319. Clinical Observation VI

Clinical Observation VI. 

T401. Clinical Observation VII

Clinical Observation VII. 

T402. Final Practicum

This is the final supervised clinical practice of the program. It will include the full-time practice of TCM at the college clinic and approved clinics in the province of Alberta. The student’s ability to treat patients is evaluated on a regular basis by their supervisors. From time to time, students may make their own decisions on the treatment methods but must obtain the supervisor’s approval. An intern must have completed the full 700 hours and get a satisfactory evaluation from their supervisors in order to graduate and be issued a diploma. 

T403. Preparation for Licensing Examinations

This optional course will introduce to the students the most current information on the provincial acupuncture registration examinations, while at the same time preparing the students for the examinations by our exam prep experts.

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