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Urinary Bladder Meridian (Toot Tai Yang) Points

UB-18 (Gan Shu)


Chinese Name:

Ganshu 肝俞

English translation:

Liver Shu


On the back, 1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 9th thoracic vertebra.


Back-Shu point of the Liver


  • Spitting blood, pain in ribs and sides, visual dizziness.
  • Psychosis.
  • Jaundice, epistaxis, red eyes, night blindness, epilepsy, back pain, gastric diseases, eye diseases, cough with rib/chest pain, painful masses in chest and abdomen.
  • Bitter taste in mouth, headache, cerebral hemorrhage, scrofula, insomnia, shortness of breath, sensation of fullness, diabetes, lower abdominal pain, irregular menstruation, genital disoders, lack of energy, Yang or Yin disease.


Moves stagnant Liver Qi, regulates and nourishes Liver Blood, resolves Damp-Heat, benefits the eyes and sinews, dispels Wind.


UB 18 is very helpful for any Liver related condition. Back-Shu points are corresponding points on the back where the Qi of the respective Zang-Fu organ is infused. If the Five Zang organs are diseased, abnormal reactions appear on the Back-Shu points. Back-Shu points have a direct therapeutic effect on the diseases of the Five Zang organs. For more complete information on Back-Shu and Front-Mu points, click here.


Oblique insertion .5 - .8 cun.

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